Former Police Commissioner in New York, Sheffield Hallam University, United States
This will be a presentation of real crime scenes and the management of efforts bringing together the forensic experts and the investigative personal to solve real cases. Having lead the Homicide Department department unlike CSI and other programs, police fail to collect and properly analysis a crime scene which I will demonstrate. We need to interpret crime scenes. Sloppy police investigations, lazy forensic personnel team up to reduce the ability to solve cases with solid evidence.
Anthony Schembri is a respected law enforcement and academic professional with over four decades’ experience in the field. Over the years, he has drawn praise from such varied sources as New York City Mayor, President Jimmy Carter, Florida Governor Jeb Bush, and New York Governor Mario Cuomo. First appointed to the Brooklyn District Attorneys Office he advanced to Deputy Chief of the Narcotics Bureau, then to Director of Training at the District Attorneys Police Academy. Anthony Schembri has served as the city’s Deputy Inspector General, investigating cases of major crime and corruption. He was appointed by the Mayor of New York as Corrections Commissioner, a position putting him in charge of 12,000 uniformed officers and 20,000 inmates at 19 separate jail facilities. Today, the Citrus County, Florida, resident serves as a Visiting Professor at Oxford and Sheffield Hallam University and named Outstanding Professor of the Year at the University of Florida.
Crime Scene Assist Ltd, United Kingdom
Forensic Science plays a vital role in the detection of crime and the administration of justice. Evidence recovery starts at the crime scene. There is only one opportunity to recover it, therefore, the actions of the first officer/s in attendance can make, or break, an investigation.Presenting from Sheffield Hallam University (in the UK)to the global webinar, this lecture will also be deliveredlive,to Policing, Criminology and Law students and will address crime scene procedures and the importance of crime scene preservation from the minute an incident is reported.Crime scene contamination and loss of evidence due to poor practice are key issues in an investigation. Therefore, it is imperative that anyone interacting with crime scenes, should have a basic knowledge and understanding of their environment and be able to make a substantive effort to maintain scene integrity. No matter how well trained or competent your CSI’s and Scientists, if the first responder has not protected the scene, you will not get best evidence for the investigation. The presentation will include a demonstration of Crime Scene Assistant, an innovative new App developed for first responders.The App aims to raise forensic awareness and tackle the continuing issue of crime scene contamination.
Angela holds a 1st Class Honours Degree in Crime Scene Science and an MSc in Mass Fatality Management and Victim Identification, from Teesside University, NE England, UK. She started her practitioner career in Forensics as a CSI for Northumbria Police, NE England, before going on to co-found CSI Training and Events Ltd in 2012 and later, its digital sister company, Crime Scene Assist Ltd in 2019. She has a wealth of experience in practical scene work, Disaster Response, Business and Education. She has developed and delivered training, lectures, workshops, and events, for a multitude of audiences, both nationally and internationally.
Dubai Police Academy, UAE
Sexual exploitation of children on the Internet is an international problem that has emerged with the proliferation of the use of the Internet and the use of crimes by some, perhaps the most serious, is the use of it in sexual exploitation. It has become difficult to track the perpetrators of this crime in all its forms, which has made it easier for perpetrators to discover their crimes and to escape legal and security prosecution because of the ability of the network to conceal and overcome geographical borders and the means through which crime can be committed This has led to measures to combat these crimes against many of the obstacles and the most important of which are those that face international cooperation in fighting, which has often led the security and judicial agencies to pursue the perpetrators and to control the evidence of their crimes at the international level.
Thus, the urgent need for effective international cooperation in all control axes, namely, the legal and security axis, and both complement each other, where the legal axis is is the protectionism and legitimacy The role of security in order to legitimize security procedures taking place within the framework and the problem erupts here when the legal systems differ, in light of the multiple countries where the elements of crime are found and whose pillars achieved.
This requires to find means of international cooperation in this regard, which can overcome obstacles, pursue and control the perpetrators, especially in light of the major technological development that has emerged with the emergence of highly complex and hidden criminal methods and that are capable of discovering the identity of the perpetrators, and thus limiting the ability of the ability of the ability of even in the existence of the ability of the existence of the existence of the ability of the existence of the ability of the existence of the existence of the existence of the ability of the existence of the existence of the existence of the existence of the existence of the existence of the existence of the existence of mechanisms Effective international cooperation ‐ which requires the modernization and development of those mechanisms in a coherent and expeditious manner to keep pace with those developments.
International cooperation in combating the crimes of sexual exploitation of children via the Internet is the most important aspect of combating the
international character of crime. Perpetrators of sexual exploitation crimes target children for material gain.
This done through several forms of crime, including the extraction of a child to produce harmful pornography or forced to prostitution with adults who seek sex with children.
Through security control operations, it is shown that effective international cooperation among the various security agencies for the success of control efforts The United Nations Organization, several other regional organizations, coordinated by the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) and several regional police organizations working in the fight against crime, especially those with transboundary character, as well as civil society organizations supported by the government or those distinguished by an organized international character.
The cause of the seriousness of the crime is due to the victim because it is a vulnerable and initial protection group. Children are the pillar of the future, which requires the international community's solidarity to protect them from violations that lead to the destruction of their will and their physical and psychological ills that threaten the future of humanity.
In light of the insufficient international cooperation, the need for developing such cooperation mechanisms shows, especially given the growing technological capabilities of the perpetrators that enable them to hide their identities through the internet, such as the deep networks and the internet The security services cannot identify and arrest the perpetrators or their locations, allow them to escape their crimes and encourage others to do the same.
Interpol, in conjunction with several civil organizations working in the field of combating sexual exploitation of children online, conducted an important study on the status of a descriptive profile for children in the International Photo Database for Children, whose pictures appear on different occasions and fed by law enforcement personnel in all countries of the world. Whereas Interpol, in its efforts to prevent sexual exploitation of children, has worked to study a descriptive file for anonymous children and placed with sexual content that includes
DR. Hossam Elshenraki Experienced Investigator with a demonstrated history of working in law enforcement specially in criminal investigation and cyber crimes investigation Skilled in Teaching & Training in fields of Cyber crimes investigation, Law Enforcement Criminal investigation. cyber crime scene management Working now as academic professor in Dubai police academy as associate professor in criminal investigation and cyber crimes investigation, Have experiences in teaching methods professional and academic matters.
West Technology Forensics, United Kingdom
The forensic vacuum metal deposition (VMD) process has been available to the forensic scientist for many years and has traditionally been used on non-porous substrates for the development of latent finger marks. In recent years both the availability of VMD systems at affordable prices and the development of the VMD process has made the accessibility to this technique more attractive to the forensic scientist. There are a number of misconceptions about the VMD process and itssuitability on substrates ranging from non-porous to porous items. The presentation will provide a brief history about the technique, how the VMD process works and how it can be used on a wide range of substrates to develop latent marks. These substrates include fired ammunition, thermal receipts, leather and fabric. The VMD process can develop latent marks on substrates that have been exposed to a variety of environmental conditions, whether that be exposure to heat or submerged in water. The VMD process has the advantage of not adversely affecting the subsequent testing of an exhibit by other interested parties. For instance the extraction of DNA or ballistics testing of a fire arm and ammunition. The forensic VMD process has advanced considerably in recent years making the technique more attractive to the forensic scientist.
Ian Harris was trained as an instrumentation engineer in the nuclear power industry in the UK. In 1993 he was a founding director of West Technology Systems involved in the design and manufacture of vacuum systems for a diverse range of industries and he is currently the Managing Director of West Technology Systems Limited.The company worked together with the UK government to develop a more accessible VMD system for the UK police forces in the late 1990’s. Since then, Ian Harris has overseen the development of VMD systems and advocated R&D in the VMD process. Ian Harris is also the CEO of West Technology Forensics based in the USA.
AFC group of institution Tamil Nadu, India
Child abuse is a global problem with serious life long consequences. Any intentional harm or mistreatment to a child under 18 years is considered as child abuse. As many as 1.28 lakh cases of crime against children were registered in 2020 according to ' crime in India 2020’ report published by NCRB. Child abuse and neglect, is the extent to which society is not well known, most of the times they are hidden, many more victims does not mention it as a public problem. When children are taught that they are special and have the right to be safe, they are less likely to think abuse is their fault and most likely to report the offender. This seminar presents characteristics of child abuse, a review of current laws and appropriate methods for intervention.
Ms Dayana is an assistant professor in the department of forensic science and criminology, in AFC group of institution Tamil Nadu, India. She is a post graduate from Kasturba Medical College, Manipal university with major inclination towards forensic toxicology. She is very active with research works and has attended multiple National & International conferences and workshop related to her subject.
Töss Group, Switzerland
The specialty of Forensic psychiatry performed in Europe is a domain basically referring people who either have committed an offence or are inclined to do so, and whose mental state is analyzed from the perspective of psychiatry dimension. These kinds of mentally disordered offenders (MDOs) tend to be taken care of in psychiatric hospitals or prisons providing them with secure environments. The evidence basis for the practice in the forensic-psychiatric field is not sufficient although some researchers confirm that psychiatric care generates better results than criminal justice detention exclusively. Forensic psychiatry practitioners ought to adhere to general psychiatric guidelinesincluding that for offenders which have been adopted for the requirements of this given target patient group, especially paying attention to cases concerning long-term detention and involving ethical issues.Institutions specializing in the forensic-psychiatric field are pricey with low volume services posing a number of vital restrictions on humans. Therefore, it is imperative that the forensic psychiatry practice meets the requirements of the highest standards, and is also based on the updated scientific evidence.Therefore, while dealing with patients’ acute aggression, there are used additionally pharmacological interventions in order to prevent the occurrence of hostile behaviors resulting from various mental disorders.This type of pharmacological treatment does not only assists patients on their way to the full recovery but also proved to reduce aggressive recidivism.
Dominika Prokop has completed nursing Bachelor’s degree studies and now is finishing Master’s degree studies in the field of Human Resources (with the focus on burnout) at the University of Liverpool. Presently she is a student in the area of Psychology at the Fernuni in Bern in Switzerland. She is a professional mental health specialist with nearly 10 years of experience in forensic psychiatry institution in Switzerland, including patients with civil and criminal charges, as well as other mental disorders.
Scientific Association of Forensic Examiners, United States
For most people, handwriting is viewed as a series of lines of ink lying static on the page. With proper eye-training, it transforms into a dynamic trail whose patterns reveal important information about the writer. Using signatures and handwriting exemplars of well-known individuals, this presentation will discuss how handwriting is developed, factors that affect its production, and how spatial arrangement, letter design, and writing movement combine to exhibit features and characteristics of personality.
Sheila Lowe is a certified forensic document examiner and certified handwriting analyst who holds Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in psychology. She has taught at the University of California Riverside extension in the CSI Certificate program, and the University of California Santa Barbara in the Discovery program. The author of six internationally acclaimed books on handwriting psychology, and Handwriting Analyzer software, her international clientele includes mental health professionals, attorneys, private investigators, staffing agencies, and other corporate clients. Sheila also writes award-winning mystery fiction. Originally from England, She has lived in the US for most of her life.
Romulus Fitness Systems, United States
Burnout has been coined in the past 30 years as a phenomenon wherein unresolved stressors have not been addressed in mutiple settings or environments which are affective of the individual. One of the most prevalent arenas that burnout has been studied is in the workplace. Professionals who engage in high intense cognitive and intellectual energy are just as susceptible to burnout rates as those professionals who are engaged in predominately high stress scenarios such as first responders and law enforcement officers. The paradigm between low stress and high stress environments, are mitigated by the cognitive perceptions and emotional perceptivity of the individual which includes personality traits, belief systems, and personal resilience due to past experiences and exposures.Research on therapeutic planning for resolution of burnout symptomology include didactic and practical activities to correct mental coding away from negative self-imposed stimuli, and towards a more holistic positive scripting of efficacy, edification and emotional intelligence. This course of multidimensional treatment activities, expresses the diverse application of forensics in psychology towards self-edification and mental wellness.
Daniel Lovelace is a licensed and certified Athletic Trainer/Sports Medicine Specialist for 30 years in the State of Arizona. He has prior experience in law enforcement and correctional training, stress management, defensice tactics and firearms training. Daniel has multiple certifications in strength and conditioning, nutrition, fitness and wellness. He earned a Masters of Psychology degree with an emphasis in Forensics at Grand Canyon University with a degree in Athletic Administration from St. John’s University in NY. He is currently a professor of forensic psychology at Grand Canyon University and completing his doctoral programming in Cognition and Instruction.
Dean, College of Criminal Justice Education and Forensics Holy Angel University, Philippines
The global usage of SIM cards extends from GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) and iDEN (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network) to that of satellite phone networks.This lecture will provide an overview of SIM card Forensics as an essential part of Mobile device forensics. The essential information that a SIM card can provide the forensic examiner can be vital to an investigation.It is very timely since most of the criminal activities can be tracked via SIM card forensics. SIM card were aninnovation in the cellular world, but if used improperly, can prove to be an immaterial approach
Dr. Niño M. Kabiling is a Criminologist by profession. He is presently the Dean of the College of Criminal Justice Education and Forensics (CCJEF) at Holy Angel University, Angeles City, Philippines. He obtained his BS Criminology, MS Criminal Justice with Specialization in Criminology, and Doctor of Philosophy in Criminology at Philippine College of Criminology, Manila, Philippines in 2011, 2014, and 2017 respectively. Dr. Kabiling is a member of the Professional Criminologist Association of the Philippines (PCAP) and Philippine National Police (PNP) - Regional Mobile Force Battalion 3 (RMFB 3) Advisory Council. He had various local and international training in the different fields of Forensic Science such as Polygraph Examination, Digital Forensics, and Mobile Forensics.
Newcastle University (Numed), Malaysia
Post-mortem examination is a routine procedure carried out by medical officer in hospitals to obtain information about the cause of death or the nature of injuries. During the post-mortem procedure, evidences are collected from the dead body and sent for laboratory analyses. After the post-mortem procedure, the table must be washed and cleaned to ensure no contamination for the subsequent procedure. However, it is questionable on the cleanliness of the post-mortem table and the effectiveness of cleaning procedure from biological fluid contamination. The aim of this study was to investigate the effective cleaning procedure on autopsy table from cross contamination. In this study, discarded blood samples were smeared evenly across a stainless-steel measuring 2100 × 750 × 500 mm size representing the actual post-mortem table. The blood samples on the stainless-steel sheet were cleaned at varying time.Four different cleaning procedures were carried out, including water wash alone, usage of powder detergent, usage of liquid dishwasher, as well as a combination of powder detergent and household bleach. After each cleaning, the surfaces were sampled and tested with Teichmann reagent. From this study, it was found that cleaning by water wash alone was not effective, showing highest level of blood contamination as compared to other methods.Using powder detergent in combination with household bleach was the most effective and the experiment showed no cross contamination in all the tested samples. This can be concluded using powder detergent with combined of bleach can improve the cleaning methods of the post-mortem table from cross contaminations.
Dr.Prakash has completed his MBBS from AIMST University, Malaysia in 2010 served in the Ministry of Health before completing his Master in Forensic In Science from University Sains Malaysia.He have experience in medico legal systems and involved with autopsies and experienced in being a expert witness for court hearing. He had published 5 papers and currently serving AIMST University as Forensic Lecturer.
State Forensic Science Laboratory, Jaipur, India
As the onset of Covid -19 in Jan, 2020 in India and the world, there was no preparation to fight with such tragedies created by man and one can term it as Biological warfare. World Health Organization on 30th January 2020 declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a Public Health emergency of International concern.It affects badly every aspect of human life from economy, health, behaviour including providing satisfactory analytical output of reports.
Being in Forensics Toxicology it is our duty to deal with such challenges from examination in laboratory to provide awareness in day to day life.WHO issues Interim guidance on Laboratory bio-safety guidance related to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on 28 January 2021. These guide lines are based on the current understanding about modes of transmission of COVID-19 sensitivity of the diagnostic tests, international autopsy guidelines and knowledge about infrastructure and logistic strength of common mortuaries in India.The Doctor’s, Mortuary Technician and other Mortuary Staff in Mortuary performing Autopsy are exposed to potentially high and dangerous health risks to organs fluid and secretions, even after taking the highest precautions. Hence, No Invasive Autopsy Technique should be adopted for Forensic Autopsy.The death in hospital or under medical care due to COVID-19 is a non-medico legal case and no Forensic Autopsy will be conducted. Some of the cases of suspected death due to COVID-19 virus labelled as medico legal case are sent to mortuary and police is informed, which may need post mortem examination for clarity in the cause of death.The Forensic Autopsy of these cases may be waived off.
Looking to all we need to illustrate the preparedness of Forensic Laboratories / Hospitals/ Diagnostics Labs/DNA Labs in situation like COVID -19.All diagnostic Laboratories should follow WHO Guidelines/National Safety Guidelines.In this scenario Digital Autopsies are very significant and their relevance in Indian and world perspective needs a quick review.Digital autopsies are the requirement of present hour in forensics and they are the future of autopsies. Combination of Traditional autopsies with virtopsy can be significant in providing useful information about cause of death and it could provide crucial information for reconstruction of crime scenes.
Dr. Rakhi Khanna is presently the Deputy Director Training at State Forensic Science Laboratory, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. As Head of Toxicology section, Analyzed more than 10 thousand cases. Manage Analysis and Reporting of Poisoning cases, Produce Reports in time, Give evidence in court, Adoption of new innovative techniques of analysis according to specific cases. Performed Research work in many cases. President of Internal Complaint committee of Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal Act against sexual harassment of women at workplace, 2013. Has wide experience of analytical and administrative work as DDO, Building construction of new building, Development of new Laboratory and Toxicology Division at Ajmer, Attend conferences, sending papers in conferences, taking invited lectures. Working experience of 22 years as Forensic Scientist cum Toxicologist from 1998 and have experience of analyses of large number of cases. approx. 20,000 cases and 60000 exhibits are reported.
Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania
According to the Istanbul Convention, domestic violence brings together "acts of physical, sexual, psychological or economic violence that occur in the family or in the household, between former or current spouses or partners, regardless of whether the aggressor shares or shared the same home with the victim”. The increased prevalence of domestic violence and its individual, family and social impact make it one of the most pressing social problems in the contemporary world. Research in the field of domestic violence is essential for understanding the prevalence and trends and also its causes and consequences, essential data for designing policies to prevent and limit this phenomenon. It is a sensitive field of research, which faces important methodological and ethical challenges due to the particular situation of the potential participants, who are in constant danger of victimization by their partners. In this paper, the authors analyze the ethical issues raised by thedomestic violence research, such as: respect for participants, protecting participants by adapting the research methodology, ensuring confidentiality. The authors also discuss the potential risks for members of the research team. The authors conclude by highlighting the particular nature of domestic violence research, which requires a specific methodological and ethical approach, ensuring the physical and emotional protection of both participants and researchers.
Beatrice Gabriela Ioan is Professor of Forensic Medicine and Bioethics at “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi, Romania, She also serves as forensic pathologist at the Institute of Legal Medicine of Iași. She graduated from the Faculty of Medicine in 1993, the Faculty of Psychology in 2002 and the Law Faculty in 2012. In 2004 she graduated from the Master Program in Bioethics at Case Western Reserve University, USA. She is a member of the Committee on Bioethics of the Council of Europe and its former Chair and a member of the International Bioethics Committee- UNESCO. IrinaManoilescu is a senior forensic pathologist since 2016 and lecturer in Forensic medicine at Grigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi since 2020. She graduated from Grigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy in 1998. Since then she attended numerous postgraduate courses in Forensic Medicine, both national and international as well as various scientific conferences. She is author of numerous papers in the forensic medicine field. Bianca Hanganu is a forensic pathologist, specialist physician and assistant professor in Forensic medicine atGrigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi. She attended many international scientific meetingswhere she presented her work and has published papers in the field of forensic medicine, bioethicsand medical communication, her main areas of interest. IrinaManoilescu is a senior forensic pathologist since 2016 and lecturer in Forensic medicine at Grigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi since 2020. She graduated from Grigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy in 1998. Since then she attended numerous postgraduate courses in Forensic Medicine, both national and international as well as various scientific conferences. She is author of numerous papers in the forensic medicine field. Bianca Hanganu is a forensic pathologist, specialist physician and assistant professor in Forensic medicine atGrigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi. She attended many international scientific meetingswhere she presented her work and has published papers in the field of forensic medicine, bioethicsand medical communication, her main areas of interest.
Worldwide Association of Women Forensic Experts, Italy
Crime scene contains informations that must be searched in a systematic - legal – scientific way, in order to collect all the evidence that can be used as proof to reconstruct the dynamic of a criminal event. Because of this Crime Scene Investigation is a technical activity that must be carried out by qualified and trained personnel following the international protocols that have been developed for the right crime scene investigation and evidences collection.
An incorrect CSI may compromise further analyses and the success of an investigation.
This presentation is an overview about procedures to be used at crime scene and most common errors.
Anna Barbaro has completed her European PhD in Forensic Genetics (PhD) at University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain). She got a Diploma at the School of Specialization in Applied Genetics and a Master Diploma in Psychological and Behavioral Techniques of the Criminal Investigation at the University of Rome La Sapienza (Italy). She has published more than 150 papers, including conference presentation, she is Author of 4 technical Manuals and of some chapters in other books. She serves as President of the Worldwide Association of Women Forensic Experts, she is honor member of some scientific associations, she serves as reviewer for several international scientific journals and she is Member of the Editorial Committee of some international scientific journals. Invited speaker at various national and international conferences, organizer of courses and conferences about Forensic Sciences, member of the Scientific Committee of several courses and conferences.
Forum Lex Association, Italy
Human Trafficking can be defined as a devastatin crime affecting victims in every place in the world, and represents a real public health problem, and s a violation of human rights. It focus on the act of compelling or coercing a person’s labor, services or commercial sex acts. Traffickers often use physical violence to maintain control of victims. Violence can be used to force victims into submission. Often trafficker force the victims to be tattooed, where the same tattoo represents a trademark of belonging, a distinctive sign and the affirmation of total control over the victims themselves and the territory. In some instances of sex trafficking, tattoos may also be used to indicate the asking price of their services shown in a tattoo that looks like currency, such as money symbols, coins, and dollar bills. Tattoos on trafficking victims can vary widely, depending on the trafficker, the context of the trafficking. Different types of tattoos can be find. Initials are usually used to indicate that a victim is owned by a specific person. The barcode may not have a particular meaning but in some cases it represents the total cost that the victim must pay back in order to be released. Crowns and roses too, Mostly crown near the trafficker’s initials. Sometimes, the amount of money tattooed on the victim is the asking price. Currency can include lots of money, coins, or currency symbols. Identifying tattoos related to human trafficking can make it easier for victims to be cared for.
RN, MSN, S. Croce e Carle Hospital Italy, Criminologist, Forensic Analyst, Adjunct professor of Nursing Research, Master of Science in Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Catholic University, Cottolengo Hospital, Turin Italy; Adjunct professor of Theory and Methods of professional Management, and applications in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, School of Medicine, University of Turin; Vice-President, and Scientific Manager of National Association of Neuroscience Nurses; Member of International Association of Forensic Nurses; Member of WAWFE, Worldwide Association of Women Forensic Experts; Director of Piemonte Regional Office Forum Lex Association; Member Italian Academy of Forensic Science (Forensic and legal Nursing).
Matanuska Forensic Science, LLC, United States
Purpose: This qualitative study explicitly addresses the geography of serialists as an integrated function of their behavioural profiles. Serialists’ geometric home range patterns are reflective of their uniquely identifying mental map, remaining relatively invariable over time, necessarily intercalated with their behavioural profiles. Psychogeographic profiling emerges as a powerful investigative approach. Design/methodology/approach: Geographic locations pertaining to three separate serial murder cases were mapped and scaled using Google Maps’ interactive features. Encounter and disposal sites associated with 30 total victims were qualitatively examined along with offender home and work sites. Respective geographic ranges were captured, montaged and labelled using imaging software, each case rendering an identifying home range geometry. Ranges were spatially analyzed with respect to offenders’ known behavioural profiles. Findings: Serialists were revealed to each have uniquely typifying home range patterns which may be a sequela of their behavioural profile. Encounter sites were closer to the offender’s home than disposal sites. The total transversed geometric range area for the commuter serialist, Keyes, was nearly two orders of magnitude greater than Hansen’s and three orders of magnitude greater than Legebokoff’s. Spatial analytic techniques were demonstrated to locate or approximate the offender’s home site. Originality/value: This study uniquely examines the geography of serialists as a function of evidentiary behaviour using a novel application of mapping technology, imaging techniques and spatial analytics. Establishing a centralized psychogeographic database was posited pursuant to implementing Savanna’s Act. Keywords: Behaviour; Criminalistics; Criminology; Forensic science; Geography; Investigations; Neuroscience; Psychology; Victimology
I am an independent forensic science consultant, a neuroscientist (PhD) with expertise in both criminalistics and criminology.I firstly specialized in forensic neurobiology and criminological behaviour, now with professional experience as a behavioural evidence analyst/profiler, augmented with bloodstain pattern analysis and crime scene reconstruction. And I am an Alaskan, minus a few years in the United Kingdom and Canada.
Lancaster County Sheriff's Office, United States
New to 3D mapping or thinking of getting a scanner? Learn what a scanner can do for your investigation. For those already using a scanner, tips and tricks for scene scanning are provided to help you get the most out your scans based on what your agency/company or case attorney wants.
London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
In this study, Planarians Dugesia Tigrina were used as in vivo model for regenerative investigation of blastemal growth by inducing an extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-MF) followed by an immediate trisection into 3 equal parts. Two groups were selected where one group of five planarians were exposed to ELF-MF at 0.3 µT at 6V with AC 0.2 sec for 30 minutes prior amputation where another group planarian individuals were used as sham control (no exposure). The trisected parts were separated into three sections as Head, mid-body and tails then regeneration of each section was monitored photographically by measuring the length and width at 3-4 days interval. A mean number of each group was estimated then statistical graphs were generated. After 30 minutes exposure (0.3µT) of ELF-MF planarians have shown clearly a late regeneration anomalies of 4 individuals where the fifth injured planarian after exposure followed by trisection showed complete degradation.
János Kovács has completed his Bachelor degree in Forensic Science with Hons. at London Metropolitan University, England. This was achieved with upper second class of degree and won the first prize for the best final year project in tissue regeneration field. On his final year project he worked on analysis and growth of planarian flatworms (Dugesia Tigrina) under electromagnetic fields and made few novel discoveries. He was fascinated about the regenerative processes and enrolled as a Ph.D. student at University of Hull. After 3 years he had to put an end to his studies due to financial difficulties.
Forensic Odontologist, India
Hairs are one of the most ubiquitous type of trace evidence collected during forensic investigations. Human hair microbiome suggests difference in bacterial composition not only between different body sites but also between individuals. The potential that individual may harbor unique bacterial species is of significance to forensic investigations. In this present study DNA extracts obtained from bacteria and fungi from human hair and hairs from various parts of the body. The results revealed the presence of unique combination of microbial taxa that can enable in discrimination between individuals, but also among varies body sites and signature taxa. Among all human, the micro biota composition is extensively conserved at the high taxonomic levels, human are very similar to each other but variation increases progressively at the lower taxonomic levels. Personalized taxa, which allow discrimination between individual goal of forensic applications are likely to be detected at the lower taxonomic rankings .Personalized taxa may be present in high or low abundance ;detection of low abundance taxa may only detected by using sequencing of bacterial DNA. The present study aimed to elucidate the structure of the bacterial community on human scalp hair, both on the shaft and at the root, using microscopic examination for the structure, DNA sequencing and the PCR of bacterial and fungal DNA extracted from the hair are suspected to the favorable sites for the adhesion of bacteria. Based on the ubiquitous distribution and high density on the hair shaft, bacteria may adhere via unknown biological interactions with scalp hair shaft. The two strains obtained from the scalp hair i.e. Pseudomonas aerigenosa(phylum Proteobacteria),and one strain of fungi i.e. Aspergillus niger.These results suggest that there are significant difference in bacterial composition not only between different body sites also between individuals and the potential that individuals may harbor unique bacterial species is of significance to forensic investigations.
Dr Leena Bhardwaj has completed her PhD in Forensic Odontology in collaboration of Central Forensic Science Laboratory, CBI, New Delhi. She is a dental graduate and completed her postgraduate in dental forensics. She has been working as Assistant Professor and Founder Head in Department of Forensic Science. She has published her multiple patents and publications in the area of forensics. She is also actively involved in research in academics and currently co-authoring the book on the concepts of adult learning in Indian Setting with Dr T D Dogra(Ex-Director, AIIMS, New Delhi).
Airlangga University, Indonesia
Pedophilia is one of the most prevalent crimes in Indonesia, especially in East Java. Approximately 300 cases of sexual assault occur in East Java and tend to increase every year. For most of these cases, the victims are women and young girls who have been sexually abused by adult males, who are related or close to the victims. This study aims to make criminal profiling of adult-male inmates who have repeatedly committed sex activities with victims aged five to 13 years. Interviews were conducted with inmates who had been convicted with crime due to sex with minors in Class II A-Correctional Institution A in Sidoarjo, East Java. Static-99R and Tuvrey’s criminal profiling guidelines were combined to create a new protocol for making criminal profiling of pedophilia. The combination is expected to provide a more rigorous mean to investigate and evaluate pedophiliac behavior. It is found that the typical pedophile inmate in Class II A-Correctional Institution A in Sidoarjo falls into low-moderate category with the typical age of release is less than 60 years old. In addition, most of the pedophilias were recorded that they had a committed relationship but also showed a record of aggressive behavior. They also possessed anger-management issue. Inability of emotional regulation was also reflected in their lack of control on sexual desire during marital hardships. Consequently, these factors were found to be related with the sexual acts with minors.
Keywords: pedophiles, inmates, criminal profiling
Reno Fitria has completed her MSc from the Departement of Forensic Science, University of Airlangga, Indonesia and Bachelor degree from the Bandung Islamic University, Indonesia. She has been working as a lecturer of Paramadina University for major Forensic Psychology since 2018. In other hand, She has more than 50 cases of terrorism and other cases like sexual abuse, child custody, and domestic violence has been investigation as the forensic psychology practitioner in Indonesia.
Ilumina Vida, Belgium
The subject I’m talking about is the area of female sexual victimhood and the psychology that goes together with it and how to become more resilient (psychologically stronger). Even if a woman is a victim of some form of sexual abuse it doesn’t mean she always has to stay that way and she cannot get ahead at all. If there are opportunities to move forward in life she can live a fruitful and happy life after certain incidents. To reframe the event and understand the event better helps the woman deal with the psychological trauma that happened. Usually there are key signals and events that are evident before the actual sexual abuse happens, but this is not always clear to every woman. To find the way to the right resources means she should be able to openly talk about it, but the shame that comes with it might make it more difficult even though other people might even recognize the situation. Sometimes the situation is just left without doing anything upfront, and people are waiting till it escalates before handling the situation. This is not functional and measurements should be taken upfront as soon as possible, even if it happens in childhood. The woman should be able to address this to the right person that can help her get out of the difficult situation. Even if Rape or Sexual Abuse happens, there is still a Life Afterwards.
Mrs. Loona Sarah Love is working as a Holistic Counsellor at the moment and finished her MSc in Psychology. She developed her own ways of treatments that make a difference in the psychological and psychiatric field, because of the treatment of causes instead of effects. The root cause of most problems according to her is lying in the realm of sexuality, sexual taboo and fantasy. She also delved deeper into holistic treatments and the treatment of addictions, because these are also related to sexuality. Holistic treatments she gives are: talk therapy, art therapy, dance therapy, herbs and supplements and bodywork.
Casablanca Forensic Institute, Morocco
Post mortem examination on the body / body will only be carried out after the Request for Body Examination’ is issued by the police Investigating Officer under prosecutor’s order. This examination covers not only the internal examination of the body, but occasionally involves solely external examination of the body (dissections of the body is not required).
Post mortem examination will be conducted by forensic pathologist trained in the field of Forensic Medicine.
Among the purposes of post mortem examinations are:
Our presentation is to highlight the importance of the process of post mortem examination that should be conducted carefully and in accordance to the provided guidelines in order to ensure that it is carried our professionally, impartially and within the jurisdiction of the law and religion.
Dr. Hind ABOUZAHIR graduated from Public Medical University, she finished Forensic Medicine Residency training at the Medico-legal Institute, and became specialist doctor of Forensic Medicine. She was trained on the management of dead bodies and the identification of victims of mass disaster at the African School of Humanitarian Action, and at the Berlin Institute of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences. She is a part of MLDI CoP Monthly Call group training programs, she Participating as keynote speaker at many congresses and conferences. She has published papers in reputed journals. She is Assistant Professor of Forensic Medicine at Casablanca Medical University.
Romanian Police Academy, Romania
The presentation will describe the characteristics of the main types of email-based attacks (email bombing, spamming, spoofing, phishing) and it will present Open-Source Intelligence methods and tools to investigate them. It will be presented the steps of the email forwarding process in order to understand the email headers elements. Manual and automatic tools will be compared for analyzing the various email-based attacks scenarious.
Ioan-Cosmin MIHAI is a researcher, professor, trainer, and conference speaker, with an experience of more than 15 years in cybercrime and cybersecurity. He is a cybercrime training officer at the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training (CEPOL), monitor of the Ad-Hoc Raising Awareness Working Group from the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA), associate professor at “Al. I. Cuza” Police Academy, visiting professor at the University Politehnica of Bucharest and “Carol I” National Defence University, Romania, honorary professor at CT University, India, and vice president of the Romanian Association for Information Security Assurance (RAISA).
Chichester College Group, United Kingdom
Teaching forensic science as a discipline can be extremely challenging as it requires a lot of in-depth knowledge and technical know how as well as consistency and practical skills that ensure scientific knowledge and impartial working throughoutto ensure the evidential processes are followed stringently to ensure continuity of evidence for court. This involves lots of practical experience including mock crime scenes and various different practical areas such as forensic biology (DNA Analysis) and Forensic Chemistry (Drugs Analysis). During the 2020 pandemic it became apparent that teaching face to face would need to be adapted. This webinar looks at the different ways teaching can be adapted to ensure learners still get the same experience without compromising the learning. We look at virtual reality software, virtual classroom learning and software. The comparison of these techniques to current practice is completed and a conclusion drawn from this.
My name is Katie-Jane Hobbs and I am currently working as a Forensic Science and Criminology course leader and lecturer at Chichester College in the United Kingdom. I have always had a passion for forensic science ever since I was young and specialise in the Archaeological aspects of forensic science. I have obtained my degree and masters from Staffordshire University and will be starting a PhD in Criminology next September. I really enjoy the subject knowledge and looking into the reasons why criminals behave in a certain way. I have a passion for the field and work well with my colleagues and learners. My field allows me to grow and develop and work to my ability.
Public Service Commission of Kenya, Kenya
Automatism as a state of unconsciousness, semi-consciousness, or unawareness is an excuse defense against criminal liability for defendants who committed a presumptively criminal act. The world has recognized automatism defense as a viable defense. The involuntary nature of the behaviors leading to lack of criminal intent and voluntary criminal action has been the basis for the defense that a defendant should not be held responsible for presumptively criminal actions. The act committed by the defendant is not criminal, for example, if it was done in defense of self, others, or property even though the prosecution may have fulfilled its required burden to prove the basic facts of the offense. Additionally, the defendant is not criminally responsible because the act took place, for example, under conditions of duress or compulsion, immaturity, or insanity. The defense acknowledges the guilty act but claims that the defendant should not be held blameworthy due to the lack of a guilty mind or intent. When the defendant does not commit a voluntary act there can be no actus reus. Defendants who meet M’Naghten standards and who raise an automatism defense would be adjudicated under the “not guilty by reason of insanity” (NGRI) standard
Kennedy K Mbatha is a Master of Psychology from The University of Nairobi, Bachelor’s degree in Psychology and Sociology Double Major from The University of Nairobi. He has been working in Public Service Commission of Kenya as an Organizational psychologist (HRMD).
F-Security Consulting, Italy
Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets have become an integral part of peoples’ daily lives, and as such, they represent an invaluable source of evidence when crimes occur. No other personal device is as personal as the mobile phone. The information stored on a smartphone can help address the crucial questions in an investigation, revealing whom an individual has been in contact with and what they have been communicating about. Recovery of deleted data from mobile devices is a common problem in digital investigations. The research that has been conducted has focused specifically on a methodology for the recovery and forensic analysis of the artifacts generated on iOS smartphones by popular messaging applications, such as iMessage, WhatsApp, Telegram and Signal, which provide various forms of secure individual and group communication, by means of which both textual and non-textual messages can be exchanged among users. This research will first examine how the recovery of deleted records on a low-level is carried out by comparing different solutions for carving of SQLite databases. Then, different mobile device acquisition methods will be discussed, such as logical and fullfilesystem extractions. As a result, in this paper we show how the forensic methodology has a direct effect on the possibility of recovering deleted messages from iOS mobile devices.
Gianluca Tiepolo has completed his MSc in Information Security at the University of London in 2017. Over the past 15 years he has worked as a Cyber Security Analyst for two Fortune 500 companies, building tools to automate security testing, investigating security issues and responding to Cyber-Incidents. Since 2016, he works full time as a Cyber Security Researcher, focusing on digital forensics and mobile device investigations. He is the author of the books "Getting Started with RethinkDB" and "Advanced iOS Forensics for Investigators", published by Packt Publishing.
MS Forensics Laboratory, United States
Currently, there are no federal guidelines for what should or should not be in a sexual assault examination kit. Each state can design its own sexual assault collection kit or purchase one already created by a vendor. Currently, not every hospital has a SANE/SAFE nurse available to perform the exam. There are many times when the emergency room doctors and nurses are expected to perform these examinations. The collection's expectations could vary by the individual collecting the victims' samples due to the lack of training. Those who fulfill these exams may have some experience but are only familiar with specific sexual assault examination kits. Many law enforcement agencies will also purchase random sexual assault collection kits from different vendors and bring them to the hospital for examination. A standard sexual assault kit for every state would increase the proper number of samples collected during the exam and decrease fewer potential errors.
Amy Southall-Malone completed her Master's Degree in Forensic Science in the Department of Letters and Sciences from National University, San Diego, CA, USA, and Graduate Certificate in the College of Pharmacy from the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. She earned her undergraduate degree in Anthropology with an emphasis in Forensic Science from the Department of Criminal Justice, Forensic Science, and Security from the University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS and is currently an Adjunct Instructor for Forensic Policy and Procedure. She employed with the Mississippi Forensic Laboratory in Pearl, MS, since 2006, where she is a certified Forensic Serologist. She is also a member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, American Board of Criminalistics with an ABC-CC certification, Southern Association of Forensic Scientists, International Association of Forensic Nursing, and the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences.
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